The electric-field-gradient-induced birefringence of Helium, Neon, Argon and SF6

Sonia Coriani and Christof Hättig
Department of Chemistry, Århus University, DK-8000 Århus C, Denmark

Antonio Rizzo
Istituto di Chimica Quantistica ed Energetica Moleculare del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, I-56126 Pisa, Italy

J. Chem. Phys. 109, 7176-7184 (1998).
(Received 8 June 1999; accepted 11 August 1999)

The results of an investigation of the electric-field-gradient-induced birefringence of the noble gases He, Ne, Ar and of the octahedral system SF6 are presented. For all these systems the induced anisotropy of the refractive index is related to the sole temperature-independent contribution b (omega), a combination of quadratic response functions. These hyperpolarizabilities, as well as their dispersion coefficients to seventh order, are calculated at the optical experimental frequency by the CCSD response approach. The dispersion coefficients are used to determine the curve of b(omega) in the normal dispersion region. We show that for atoms the dipole–dipole–quadrupole and the dipole–dipole–magnetic dipole contributions to the dispersion coefficients of b(omega) have intimate relations to the Cauchy moments and to the dispersion coefficients for the Verdet and the Cotton–Mouton constants.

View Article     PDF   (access restricted to domain

Related articles:

Back to the list of Publications by the Quantum Chemistry (Hättig) Group